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  • A crown can make your tooth stronger and improve its appearance.

  • A crown can help strengthen a tooth with a large filling when there isn’t enough tooth remaining to hold the filling.

  • Crowns can also be used to attach bridges, protect a weak tooth from breaking or restore one that’s already broken.

  • A crown is a good way to cover teeth that are discolored or badly shaped. 

  • Dental sealants act as a barrier to prevent cavities.

  • They are a plastic material usually applied to the chewing surfaces of the back teeth (premolars and molars) where decay occurs most often.

  • Sealants protect vulnerable areas by "sealing out" plaque and food. 

  • The likelihood of developing pit and fissure decay begins early in life, so children and teenagers are obvious candidates.

  • Adults may also benefit from sealants. 




A cleaning appointment includes:

  • Removal of plaque and tartar, which when chronically present can cause gingivitis, which may lead to periodontal disease.

  • Polish: removeal of stain and plaque.

  • Fluoride varnish: helps maintain solid tooth structure.


 In a regular check-up exam:

  • Diagnostic x-rays (radiographs) are used to determine tooth and root positions and detect decay, tumors, cysts, and bone loss.

  • Oral Cancer Exam: We check the face, neck, lips, tongue, throat, tissues, and gums.

  • Periodontal Exam: We check the gums and bone around the teeth for any signs of peridontal disease.

  • Hard Tissue Exam: We check existing resterations and for new decay.

  • Invisalign® takes a modern approach to straightening teeth, using a custom-made series of aligners created for you and only you.

  • These aligner trays are made of smooth, comfortable and virtually invisible plastic that you wear over your teeth.

  • Wearing the aligners will gradually and gently shift your teeth into place, based on the exact movements your dentist plans out for you.

  • There are no metal brackets to attach and no wires to tighten. 

  • The best part about the whole process is that most people won't even know you're straightening your teeth.


Amalgam Restorations- 

  • Amalgam is a mixture of metals made by combining silver, tin, copper, minimal amounts of mercury and other metallic elements.

  • Amalgam is a durable, highly resistant to wear and is an inexpensive filling option that appears as a silver filling once placed in a tooth.

  • Amalgam has been highly researched throughout the years and remains a safe, commonly used restorative filling material.

Composite Restorations-

  • Resin or composite filling materials are a mixture of glass or quartz filler in a resin medium that produces a tooth-colored filling.

  • Resin fillings provide good durability in both anterior (front) and posterior (back) teeth when placed as a filling.

  • Because resins appear tooth colored it is a great cosmetic choice. The cost of a resin filling is moderate and depends on the size of the filling.

  • Root canal treatment is necessary when the pulp (soft tissue inside your teeth containing blood vessels, nerves and connective tissue) becomes inflamed or diseased.

  • During root canal treatment, your dentist or endodontist (a dentist who specializes in treating the insides of teeth) removes the diseased pulp. The pulp chamber and root canal(s) of the tooth are then cleaned and sealed.

  • If the infected pulp is not removed, pain and swelling can result, and your tooth may have to be removed.


  • In-office bleaching. 

    • This procedure is called chairside bleaching and usually requires only one office visit. The dentist will apply either a protective gel to your gums or a rubber shield to protect the oral soft tissues. A bleaching agent is then applied to the teeth, and a special light may be used.

  • At-home bleaching. 

    • Peroxide-containing whiteners actually bleach the tooth enamel. They typically come in a gel and are placed in a mouthguard. There are potential side effects, such as increased sensitivity or gum irritation.

  • Dentures and partials are removable appliances that can replace missing teeth and help restore your smile.  

  • Dentures make it easier to eat and speak better than you could without teeth.

  • When you lose all of your teeth, facial muscles can sag, making you look older. Dentures can help fill out the appearance of your face and profile.

  • They can be made to closely resemble your natural teeth so that your appearance does not change much. Dentures may even improve the look of your smile.

  • Dental implants are a popular and effective way to replace missing teeth and are designed to blend in with your other teeth.

  • They are an excellent long-term option for restoring your smile.

  • Dental implants are made up of titanium and other materials that are compatible with the human body.

  • Implants are posts that are surgically placed in the upper or lower jaw, where they function as a sturdy anchor for replacement teeth.


Possible causes of TMJ disorders include:

  • Arthritis, dislocation, injury, tooth and jaw alignment, stress and teeth grinding

  • Part of the dental examination includes checking the joints and muscles for tenderness, clicking, popping or difficulty moving. Depending on the diagnosis, the dentist may refer you to a physician or another dentist.

  • If necessary for your symptoms, the following treatments may be advised:

  • exercises to strengthen your jaw muscles

  • medications prescribed by your dentist; for example, muscle relaxants, analgesics, anti-anxiety drugs or anti-inflammatory medications

  • a night guard or bite plate to decrease clenching or grinding of teeth.

  • Sometimes called a fixed partial denture, a bridge replaces missing teeth with artificial teeth and literally “bridges” the gap where one or more teeth used to be.

  • Bridges can be made from gold, alloys, porcelain or a combination of these materials and are attached to surrounding teeth for support.

  • Unlike a removable bridge, which you can take out and clean, a fixed bridge can only be removed by a dentist.


Tooth Extraction:

  • An extraction means to have a tooth removed, usually because of disease, trauma or crowding.

  • If you need an extraction, your dentist will first numb the area to lessen any discomfort.

  • After the extraction, your dentist will advise you of what post extraction regimen to follow.

  • In most cases a small amount of bleeding is normal.

  • Your mouth will slowly fill in the bone where the tooth root was through the formation of a blood clot.

Wisdom Teeth

Wisdom Teeth:

Every patient is unique, but in general, wisdom teeth may need to be removed when there is evidence of changes in the mouth such as:

  • Pain

  • Infection

  • Cysts

  • Tumors

  • Damage to neighboring teeth

  • Gum disease

  • Tooth decay (if it is not possible or desirable to restore the tooth)

Your dentist may also recommend removal of wisdom teeth as part of treatment for braces or other dental care.

Before making any decisions, your dentist will examine your mouth and take an x-ray. Together, you and your dentist can discuss the best course of treatment.​

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